Population of Egypt since 1700

Evolutionary transcendence of the sexual condition

One of the human weaknesses is that we only desire what we cannot have or fear to lose. Some prescriptive philosophies aim at curtailing desire in its various forms, or even in its abstract expression. Most if not all of these attempts are doomed to failure. A glaring example is the sexual revolution that we've been experiencing since the 1960s.

Language as human knowledge system

Language is a human capacity (or faculty, or ability, or quality). The thesis expressed here is that human language (so-called natural language) acts as a repository of knowledge. What is the use of storing and manipulating knowledge? Primarily, to collectively solve problems that arise in the real world. Does language support this problem-solving? Yes, because language contains constructs that closely mimic the way reality is perceived (by humans) to work.

Horoscope on the bus


A homeless guy walks into a bus. He sits at the back, facing another man, visibly a first or second generation immigrant. At the very corner sits a woman, mother of 2, who's thinking what she will make for dinner tonight. A few other passengers are sitting elsewhere.

The metaphysics of R.

For R., the purpose of each person is to communicate with his neighbours. Establishing communication is the main effort to be done, as opposed to solving practical problems. If we look at the human condition, most problems have been resolved, or are in the process of being resolved, but communication problems are still plaguing our existence and causing pain and misery.

The neoluddite manifesto

We are severely underutilizing our mind-bodies.

Instead, we spend our time creating proxy tools to manipulate reality, while our mind-body would take us far - and how far is unknown - along this direction. (for starters, our collective mind-bodies have created the tools)

Inferring algorithm from behaviour

A behaviour results from the sequence of steps that an algorithm performs: the transformation that it applies to the input to generate the output, as well as the environmental footprint (resources used).

For example, a bubble sort returns a sorted array given an unsorted one. It consumes O(n²) resources. Furthermore, it is known that the pattern of operation on the data can be represented visually like the following (Found on Wikipedia - colour would have been preferable):

It's in our brain


Our brain is a giant tuning circuit. Each neuron is in fact a tuning circuit.

We receive signals from the outside world, and our tuning circuits tune into some of them, treating them as stimulus. Response and learning occur.

On the interpretation of scriptures


Religious scriptures are interpreted by men. Regardless of the fidelity of the original message, much transformation happens in the process, until it finally reaches the practiotioners of the religion.

Each person performing an interpretation along the chain, however minute the source fragment and the area of application, necessarily injects his or her own value system and mental model into the interpretation.

Media and the brain

Media imprints its information onto the brain directly, complete with its hidden levels of meaning representing values, ethics, esthetics, etc.

The audio/visual senses are the two most impactful senses on the brain. Correspondingly, audio/video media is the most developed area of delivery.

Brains need to be trained to receive media. A normal brain creates a mental model of reality based on events that are witnessed by the senses. This mental model is built up by the sense data, again audio/visual in large part, and given a high degree of belief by virtue of the first-hand experience.